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Frank Schwab, M.D.

Chief of the Spinal Deformity Service and Clinical Associate Professor,
New York University School of Medicine

Frank Schwab, M.D.

PROFESSIONAL OFFICES:

The Center for Musculoskeletal Care
333 E. 38th Street   6th floor
New York, NY 10016
(646) 501-7200

1095 Park Avenue
New York, NY 10128
(646) 794-8646

 


ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE:
306 East 15th Street
Suite 1F
New York, NY 10003
TEL: (646) 794-8646
FAX: (646) 602-6926

http://www.beckersorthopedicandspine.com/spine-leaders

Curriculum Vitae

Go straight to a section:


Name: FRANK J. SCHWAB, MD
Place of Birth: Santa Monica, California
Education:
1986 B.A. Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey
1990 M.D. College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York

Postdoctoral Training:

Internships and residency:

1991-1992 Internship in General Surgery, Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center, New York, New York
1992-1996 Resident in Orthopaedic Surgery, The New York Orthopaedic Hospital at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, New York, New York

Clinical and Research Fellowships:

1990-1991 National Science Foundation-NATO, postdoctoral fellowship. Hopital Lariboisiere-St Louis, Paris, France
1996-1997 Advanced Spinal Training program, Maimonides Medical Center- Spine Service. Dir. Jean-Pierre Farcy, MD. New York

Licensure and Certification:

Registered and Licensed Physician in the State of New York
Diplomate, National Board of Medical Examiners
Board Certification, American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery

Academic Appointments:

1998-2000 Director of Residency Education - Maimonides Medical Center Brooklyn, NY
1998-2006 Director of Orthopaedic Research - Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY
1999-2006 Clinical Assistant Professor, NYU School of Medicine
2006 - Clinical Associate Professor, NYU School of Medicine
2007 - Chief of the Spinal Deformity Service, Division of Spine Surgery, NYU HJD, New York University School of Medicine

Hospital Appointments:

1996 - Attending Surgeon, The Hospital for Joint Diseases, Orthopaedic Institute, New York, NY
1996 - Attending Surgeon, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY
2004 - Director, Spine Center. Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY

Awards and Honors:

1989 - NIH Medical Student Research Scholarship, Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center, Orthopaedic Research Laboratory. Van C. Mow, Director. Investigations on the biomechanics of the bovine growth plate.
1990 - Andrew Puperre Award for Excellence in Orthopaedic Research, Biomechanics of the bovine growth plate.
1990 - NATO-NSF Postdoctoral Research Fellowship. Laboratoire de Recherches Orthopédiques. Faculté de Médecine, Lariboisière-St. Louis. Paris, France. P.Christel, L. Sedel. Quantitative Analysis of the Tissue Response Towards Variations in Implant Elastic Modulus.
1994 - New York Academy of Medicine, Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of New York, Resident Paper Competition Winner 1994.
1995 - New York Academy of Medicine, Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of New York, Resident Paper Competition, third place 1995.
2009- SRS Russell A. Gibbs Clinical Award, Best Clinical Presentation at the 2009 Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting.

Major Committee Assignments:

Hospital:

1998-1999 Quality Improvement, Maimonides Medical Center
1999 - Research Committee, Maimonides Medical Center

Professional Society:

2005 - Scoliosis Research Society, Aging Spine Committee
2005 - Scoliosis Research Society, Adult Deformity Committee
2006- Scoliosis Research Society, Adult Deformity Committee
2006- Scoliosis Research Society, Patient Based Outcomes Committee

Memberships in Professional Societies:

1996 - American Medical Association
1998 - North American Spine Society
1999 - Scoliosis Research Society
2001 - American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
2002 - Board of Directors, Spinal Deformity Education Group
2002 - Spinal Deformity Study Group
2007- International Spine Study Group

Editorial Boards:

2008 - Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
2009 - SPINE (associate editorial board)

Major Research Interests:

1. Adult Scoliosis: pain predictors and prognostic parameters
2. Force plate analysis in the setting of spinal deformity
3. Interbody fusion techniques
4. Porcine animal model for scoliosis and non-fusion corrective techniques

Principal Clinical and Hospital Service Responsibilities:

1996 - Associate Attending Physician, Maimonides Medical Center. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery. Brooklyn
1996 - Attending Physician, The Hospital for Joint Diseases Orthopaedic Institute. New York
1997 - Director, Spine Clinic, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York.
1998-2000 Director, Residency Education, Department of Orthopaedics, Maimonides Medical Center. Brooklyn, NY
1998-2006 Director, Orthopaedic Research, Department of Orthopaedics, Maimonides Medical Center. Brooklyn, NY
2007 - Chief, Spine Deformity, NYU-HJD

Teaching Experience:

1997 - Resident instruction through Spine Clinic, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY
1997 - Resident instruction through Spine Clinic, The Hospital for Joint Disease, New York, NY
1998 - Director of Orthopaedic Research, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY
1998 - Director, Orthopaedic Research, Department of Orthopaedics, Maimonides Medical Center. Brooklyn, NY
Lectures, grant submissions, research supervision

Grants Received in last Five Years:

1997-1999 Sofamor-Danek Grant, Animal model of spinal degeneration. Principal Investigators: J-P Farcy, MD. F Schwab, MD.
1997-1998 Maimonides Research and Development Foundation. The Turkey as an animal model for spinal instability. Principal Investigators: F Schwab, MD. J-P Farcy, MD
1998-1999 AO Research Grant. Pelvic Retroversion as a compensatory mechanism in sagittal plane deformity of the spine. Principal Investigators: J-P Farcy, MD. F Schwab, MD.
1998–2000 Maimonides Research and Development Foundation. The Turkey as an animal model for spinal instability. Principal Investigators: F Schwab, MD. J-P Farcy, MD
2000-2002 Maimonides Research and Development Foun dation. Adult Scoliosis: Prevalence and clinico-radiographic correlations in the elderly population. Principal Investigators: F Schwab, MD. J-P Farcy, MD
2005 - Medtronic Sofamor Danek. Force plate analysis in the setting of spinal deformity. Principal Investigators: F Schwab, MD. J-P Farcy, MD
2007 - DePuy. Multi-center analyis of pedicle subtraction osteotomy for spinal deformity in the adult. F Schwab, M O’Brien, B Lonner.
2007-2009 SRS. Adult deformity: development of an effective treatment algorithm based upon outcomes analysis. F Schwab, V Lafage

Bibliography

Original Reports

  1. Cohen, B., Schwab, F., Phillips, D.P., Chorney, G.C.,
    Dick, H.M., Mow, V.C.: Microstructural tensile properties
    of the bovine distal femoral growth plate. Adv Bioengng,
    17:9-12, 1990
  2. Schwab, F., D. Nazarian, F, Mahmud, C. Michelsen,: Effects
    of Instrumentation on Lumbosacral Fusion. Spine 20:2023-2028.
    1995
  3. Acaraglou, F J Schwab, J-P. Farcy,: Simultaneous anterior and posterior approaches for correction of late deformity due to thoracolumbar fractures. Eur Spine J 5:56-62. 1996
  4. Farcy, J.P.C., M.D., Schwab, F., M.D. Simultaneous anterior and posterior surgical approaches for correction of the flatback deformity. Resonances Europeennes Du Rachis. No.12. October 1996.
  5. Nagle, K,.M.D., Emerson, R., M.D., Adams, D., M.D., Heyer, E., M.D., Roye, D., M.D., Schwab, F., M.D., Weidenbaum, M., M.D., McCormick, P., M.D., Pile-Spellman, J., M.D., Stein, B., M.D., Farcy, J.P.C., M.D., Gallo, E., M.D., Dowling, K., M.D., Turner, C., M.D. Intraoperative monitoring of motor evoked potentials: a review of 116 cases. Neuroloy Vol.47: 999-1004, 1996.
  6. Farcy, J.P.C., M.D., Schwab, F., M.D. Management of Flat Back and Related Kyphotic Decompensation Syndromes. Spine Vol.22, No.20: 2452-2457, 1997.
  7. Schwab, F., Farcy, J-P, Roye, D.P.: Sagittal Pelvic Tilt Index as a Criteria in the Evaluation of Spondylolisthesis. Spine Vol.22, No.14: 1661-1667, 1997.
  8. Pascal-Moussellard H, Klein JR, Schwab FJ, Farcy JP Simultaneous anterior and posterior approaches to the spine for revision surgery: current indications and techniques. J Spinal Disord 1999 Jun;12(3):206-13
  9. Farcy, JP.C., Schwab, F.J.: Posterior osteotomies with pedicle substraction for flatback and associated syndromes: technique and results of prospective study. Bull.Hosp Jt Dis 2000;59:11-6.
  10. Schwab FJ; Smith V; Farcy JP.: Endoscopic thoracoplasty and anterior spinal release in scoliotic deformity". Bull.Hosp Jt Dis 2000;59(1):27-32
  11. Farcy, JP.C., Schwab, F.J.: Les osteotomies de correction des defauts d’alignment sagittal du rachis. Maitrise Ortho no.170:34-38. 2001
  12. Schwab, F.J.; Smith, V.;Gamez, L.; Pagala, M.; Farcy JP.C.: Adult Scoliosis: a quantitative radiographic and clinical review. Spine Vol 27, No.4: 387-392, 2002
  13. Farcy, JP; Schwab, F.J.; Benchikh, K.: Revison Surgery for Sagittal Malalignment: Treatment and a Focus on Etiopathology. European Spine Journal Vol 11 Supplement 1: S16-S17, 2002
  14. Dubey, A.; Schwab, F.J.; Benchikh, K.; Hwang, K.S.; Smith, V.; Farcy, JP: Classification of Scoliosis in the Adult Patient: A Preliminary Approach. European Spine Journal Vol 11 Supplement 1: S39-S40, 2002
  15. Schwab, F.J.; Smith, V.A.; Biserni, M.; Gamez, L.; Farcy, JP.C.; Pagla, M.; Adult Scoliosis A Quantitative Radiographic and Clinical Analysis. Spine. 27:387-392. 2002
  16. Schwab, F.J.; Dubey, A.; Pagla, M.; Gamez, L.; Farcy, JP.C.: Adult Scoliosis: A Health Assessment Analysis by SF-36. Spine 28(6): 602-606; 2003
  17. Schwab, F.J.; Benchikh, A.; Gamez, L.; Goodman, H.; Pagala, M.; Farcy, JP.: A Lumbar Classification of Scoliosis in the Adult Patient: preliminary approach. Spine. 2005 Jul 15;30(14):1670-3.
  18. Schwab, F.J.; Benchikh, A.; Gamez, L.; Champaign, N.; Skalli, W.; Farcy, JP.: Center of Gravity and radiographic posture analysis: a preliminary review of adult volunteers and adult patients affected by scoliosis. Spine. 2005 Jul 1;30(13):1535-40.
  19. Schwab, F.J.; Gamez, L.; Benchikh, A.; Dubey, A.; Hwang, K.; Pagala, M.; Farcy, JP.: Adult Scoliosis: prevalence, SF-36 and Nutritional Parameters in and elderly voluteer population. Spine. 2005 May 1;30(9):1082-5.
  20. Glassman S, Bridwell K, Berven S, Horton W, Schwab F: The Impact of Positive Sagittal Balance in Adult Spinal Deformity. Spine. 2005 Sep 15;30(18):2024-9.
  21. Schwab F, Farcy JP, Bridwell K, Berven S, Glassman S, Harrast J, Horton W. A clinical impact classification of scoliosis in the adult. Spine. 2006 Aug 15;31(18):2109-14.
  22. Frank Schwab, M.D., Virginie Lafage, Reid Boyce, M.D., Wafa Skalli, Jean-Pierre Farcy, M.D. Gravity Line analysis in adult volunteers: age-related correlation with spinal parameters, pelvic parameters and foot position. Spine 2006;31:E959-67.
  23. Lowe T, Berven SH, Schwab FJ, et al. The SRS classification for adult spinal deformity: building on the King/Moe and Lenke classification systems. Spine 2006;31:S119-25.
  24. Lafage V, Schwab F, Skalli W, et al. Standing Balance and Sagittal Plane Spinal Deformity: Analysis of spino-pelvic and gravity line parameters. Spine 2007;(in review).
  25. Schwab F, Lafage V, Farcy JP, et al. Surgical rates and operative outcome analysis in thoracolumbar and lumbar major adult scoliosis: application of the new adult deformity classification. Spine 2007;(in review).
  26. Glassman SD, Schwab FJ, Bridwell KH, Ondra SL, Berven S, Lenke LG. The selection of operative versus nonoperative treatment in patients with adult scoliosis. Spine. 2007 Jan 1;32(1):93-7
  27. Bridwell KH, Berven S, Edwards C 2nd, Glassman S, Hamill C, Schwab F. The problems and limitations of applying evidence-based medicine to primary surgical treatment of adult spinal deformity. Spine. 2007 Sep 1;32(19 Suppl):S135-9.
  28. Bridwell KH, Berven S, Glassman S, Hamill C, Horton WC 3rd, Lenke LG, Schwab F, Baldus C, Shainline M. Is the SRS-22 instrument responsive to change in adult scoliosis patients having primary spinal deformity surgery? Spine. 2007 Sep 15;32(20):2220-5
  29. Glassman SD, Hamill CL, Bridwell KH, Schwab FJ, Dimar JR, Lowe TG. The impact of perioperative complications on clinical outcome in adult deformity surgery. Spine. 2007 Nov 15;32(24):2764-70.
  30. Lafage V, Schwab F, Skalli W, Hawkinson N, Gagey PM, Ondra S, Farcy JP. Standing balance and sagittal plane spinal deformity: analysis of spinopelvic and gravity line parameters Spine. 2008 Jun 15;33(14):1572-8.
  31. Schwab FJ, Lafage V, Farcy JP, Bridwell KH, Glassman S, Shainline MR. Predicting outcome and complications in the surgical treatment of adult scoliosis. Spine. 2008 Sep 15;33(20):2243-7
  32. Baldus C, Bridwell KH, Harrast J, Edwards C 2nd, Glassman S, Horton W, Lenke LG, Lowe T, Mardjetko S, Ondra S, Schwab F, Shaffrey C. Age-gender matched comparison of SRS instrument scores between adult deformity and normal adults: are all SRS domains disease specific? Spine. 2008 Sep 15;33(20):2214-8.
  33. Glassman SD, Schwab F, Bridwell KH, Shaffrey C, Horton W, Hu S. Do 1-year outcomes predict 2-year outcomes for adult deformity surgery? Spine J. 2008 Sep 5
  34. Schwab F, Patel A, Lafage V, Farcy JP. A Porcine Model for Progressive Thoracic Scoliosis. Spine. 2009 May 15;34(11):E397-404
  35. Lafage V, Schwab F, Patel A, Hawkinson N, Farcy JP. Pelvic Tilt and Truncal Inclination: two key radiographic parameters in the setting of adult with spinal deformity. Spine. 2009 Aug 1;34(17):E599-E606
  36. Schwab F, Lafage V, Patel A, Farcy JP. Sagittal Plane Considerations and the Pelvis in the Adult Spinal Deformity Patient. Spine. 2009 Aug 1;34 (17):1828-33
  37. Patel A, Schwab F, Lafage V, Patel A, Obeidat MM, Farcy JP Computed Tomographic Validation of the Porcine Model for Thoracic Scoliosis. Spine. 2010 Jan 1;35(1):18-25
    Smith JS, Shaffrey CI, Berven S, Glassman S, Hamill C, Horton W, Ondra S, Schwab F, Fu KM, Bridwell K. Operative versus conservative treatment of leg pain in adults with scoliosis: A retrospective review of a prospective multicenter database with two-year follow-up. Spine. 2009 34(16):1693-8
  38. Bess S, Boachie-Adjei O, Burton D, Cunningham M, Shaffrey C, Shelokov A, Hostin R, Schwab F, Wood K, Akbarnia B. Pain and Disability Determine Treatment Modality for Older Patients With Adult Scoliosis, While Deformity Guides Treatment for Younger Patients. Spine. 2009;34:2186-2190
  39. Schwab F, Patel A, Ungar B, Farcy JP, Lafage V. Adult Spinal Deformity - Postoperative Standing Imbalance: How Much Can You Tolerate? An overview of key parameters in assessing alignment and planning corrective surgery. Spine 2010 (Accepted)
  40. Lafage V, Schwab F, Vira S, Patel A, Hawkinson N, Farcy JP. Spino-Pelvic Parameters Following Surgery can be Predicted: A Preliminary Formula and Validation of Standing Alignment Spine 2010
  41. Lafage V, Schwab F, Hart R, Burton D, Boachie-Adjei O, Shelokov A, Hostin R, Shaffrey C, Akbarnia B, Bess S, Farcy JP. "Does vertebral level of Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy correlate with degree of spino-pelvic parameter correction?" Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine 2010 (Accepted)
  42. Vaz K, Verma K, Protopsaltis T, Schwab F, Lonner B, Errico T. "Bone Grafting Options for Lumbar Spine Surgery: A Review Examining Clinical Efficacy and Complications." SAS Journal 2010, 4:75-86.

 

Proceedings of Meetings

  1. Higgs, G., Schwab, F,. Weidenbaum, M., Farcy, J-P., Otter, M,. Ramakrishnan, H., Masiello, R.: Intraoperative determination of spine contour before and after correction of idiopathic scoliosis. American Orthopaedic Association Annual Residents Conference, Atlanta,1994
  2. Roye, D., Emerson, R.G., Gallo, E.J., Adams, D.C., Dowling, K.C., Schwab, F.J.: Monitoring of intra-operative MEPs during scoliosis and kyphosis surgery under controlled neuromuscular blockade. Presented at the 11th International G.I.C.D. Congress. Arcachon, France, May 1994
  3. Higgs, G., Schwab, F., Weidenbaum, M., Farcy, J-P.: Changes in spine contour during corrective surgery for idiopathic scoliosis. Presented at the New York Pediatric Orthopaedic Society Residents Night. 1994
  4. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Surgical correction of the flatback. Presented at the GCC annual congress, Dubai, UAE. 1994
  5. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Management of Thoracolumbar spine fractures. Presented at the GCC annual congress, Dubai, UAE. 1994
  6. Schwab, F., Nazarian, D., Mahmud, F., Higgs, G., Michelsen, C.: Effects of Instrumentation on Lumbosacral Fusion. North American Spine Society Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, Minnesota. October,1994.
  7. Mahmud, F., Nazarian, D., Schwab, F.: The "Cyclops" lesion as a cause of extension loss following arthroscopic ACL reconstruction. Arthroscopy Association of North America Annual Meeting, 1995, San Francisco.
  8. Farcy, J.P.C., Schwab, F.: Posterior Segmental Fixation Including the Sacrum: CCD International course on Advance Spine Techniques Temple University, Scoliosis Research Society and German Society for Spine Surgery. Curacao, April 1995.
  9. Schwab, F., Nazarian, D., Mahmud, F., Higgs, G., Michelsen, C.: Effects of Instrumentation on Lumbosacral Fusion. New York and New Jersey combined Orthopaedic Society annual meeting, Aruba. April, 1995
  10. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Surgical Realignment for Flatback and associated syndromes. New York and New Jersey combined Orthopaedic Society annual meeting, Aruba. April, 1995
  11. Schwab, F., Nazarian, D., Mahmud, F., Michelsen, C.: Effects of Instrumentation on Lumbosacral Fusion. American Orthopaedic Association Annual Residents conference, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 1995
  12. Mahmud, F., Nazarian, D., Schwab, F.: The "Cyclops" lesion as a cause of extension loss following arthroscopic ACL reconstruction. American Orthopaedic Association Annual Residents conference, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 1995
  13. Schwab, F., Nazarian, D., Mahmud, F., Michelsen, C.: Instrumentation in Lumbosacral Fusion. International Society for Study of the Lumbar Spine Annual Meeting, June, 1995. Helsinki, Finland.
  14. Roye, D., Schwab, F., Emerson, F., Adams, D.: Monitoring of intra-operative MEPs during scoliosis and kyphosis surgery under controlled neuromuscular blockade. Annual meeting of the European Pediatric Orthopaedic Society. 1995.Brussels, Belgium.
  15. Schwab, F., Mahmud, F., Weidenbaum, M.: Indication for Anterior and Posterior Spinal fusion in Scoliosis. Presented at the Scoliosis Society Meeting, June, 1995. New York
  16. Roye, D., Schwab, F., Deckey, J., Nagle, K., Emerson, F., Adams, D.: Applications of MEP in Scoliosis and Kyphosis Surgery. Presented at the 6th International Symposium on Spinal Cord Monitoring. June, 1995. New York
  17. Roye, D., Schwab, F., Emerson, R., Gallo, E., Adams, D.: Monitoring of intra-operative MEPs during scoliosis and kyphosis surgery under controlled neuromuscular blockade. Annual meeting of the North American Spine Society. October, 1995. Washington, D.C.
  18. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Realignment for Flatback and associated syndromes. Annual meeting of the North American Spine Society. October,1995. Washington, D.C.
  19. Mahmud, F., Nazarian, D., Schwab, F.: The "Cyclops" lesion as a cause of extension loss following arthroscopic ACL reconstruction. Annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons Annual, Atlanta, 1995
  20. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Fractures of the Spine: The management of Post-traumatic Kyphosis. The fifth BOTA Symposium, Liege, Belgium. March 30, 1996
  21. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Management of Thoracolumbar Spine Fractures. New Jersey Orthopaedic Society. Annual Spring Meeting. Nevis, West Indies. April 16, 1996
  22. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Late complications of Thoracolumbar Fractures. Fourth International congress on Spine Surgery. Izmir, Turkey. May 26, 1996
  23. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Swan neck deformity. Cervical Spine Research Society, Twelfth Annual Meeting. Nice, France. June 5, 1996
  24. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Management of Flatback and Related Kyphotic Decompensation Syndromes. Scoliosis Research Society. Thirty-first Annual Meeting. Ottowa, Ontario, Canada. September 25, 1996
  25. Schwab, F., Farcy, J-P., Roye, D.: The Sagittal Pelvic Tilt Index as a Criteria in the Evaluation of spondylolisthesis. Eleventh Annual Conference of the North American Spine Society. Vancouver, B.C. Canada. October 23, 1996
  26. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Post-traumatic kyphosis. Ideal contour of the fused Spine. Surgery in idiopathic scoliosis. Surgery of Spinal Deformity. The sagittal plane, the most important plane? Thirtieth World Congress of the International College of Surgeons. Kyoto, Japan. November 26, 1996
  27. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Realignment for Flatback and related syndromes. Presented at the Annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. February 13-16, 1997. San Francisco, California.
  28. Schwab, F., Deckey, J., Roye, D., Farcy, J-P., Emmerson, R.: Intra-operative Motor-evoked Potentials during Scoliosis and Kyphosis Surgery under controlled neuromuscular blockade. February 13-16, 1997. San Francisco, California.
  29. Farcy, J.P.C., Schwab, F.: Iatrogenic Disorders of the Lumbosacral Spine. 2nd International ARGOS Meeting. Paris, France. February 6, 1998.
  30. Schwab, F., Klein, J., Farcy, D., Hoffman, B., Farcy, J-P., Schechter, C.: Sagittal Plane Pelvic Rotation: A compensatory mechanism in spinal deformity. Annual Meeting of the Scoliosis Research Society. September, 1999.
  31. Schwab, F.J., Gamez, L., Levine, E., Farcy, J-P., Strongwater, A.: Pain Predictors in Adult Scoliosis: a quantitative radiographic and clinical analysis. Annual Meeting of the Scoliosis Research Society. San Diego. September, 1999.
  32. Schwab, F.J., Gamez, L., Levine, E., Farcy, J-P., Strongwater, A.: Pain Predictors in Adult Scoliosis: a quantitative radiographic and clinical analysis. Annual Meeting of the North American Spine Society. Chicago. October, 1999.
  33. Schwab, F.J., Gamez, L., Farcy, J-P.: Adult Scoliosis: an analysis by SF-36. Annual Meeting of the Scoliosis Research Society. Cleveland. October, 2001
  34. Schwab F.J., Farcy JP.C., Hwang K.: Classification of scoliosis in the adult patient: a preliminary approach. Annual meeting of the Alumni Association of NYU-Hospital for Joint Diseases Department of Orthopaedic Surgery. October, 2001
  35. Schwab, F.J.: Adult Scoliosis: classification based upon pain indicators. Annual Chicago Meeting, GICD-USA. Chicago, December, 2001
  36. Farcy, J.P., Schwab, F.J.: Revision Surgery for Sagittal Malalignment: Treatment and a Focus on Etiopathology. 9th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques. Montreux, Switzerland. May 23-25, 2002.
  37. Schwab, F.J., Farcy, J.P.: Unilateral approach for TLIF in the revision setting: preliminary review. 9th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques. Montreux, Switzerland. May 23-25, 2000
  38. Schwab, F.J., Hoffman, B.D., Klein, J.R., Chrostowsky, L., Vigorita, V.A., Pagala, M., Farcy, J-P.C. The Turkey as an Animal Model for Osteoarthrosis of the Lumbar Spine. American Orthopaedic Association, Resident’s Research Conference, St. Louis, MO, February 2000.
  39. Schwab, F.J., Hoffman, B.D., Klein, J.R., Chrostowsky, L., Vigorita, V.A., Pagala, M., Farcy, J-P.C., The Turkey as an Animal Model for Osteoarthrosis of the Lumbar Spine. International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine, Kona, HI, USA. June 1999.
  40. Schwab, F.J. Force Plate/Image Acquisition in Adult Scoliosis. Spinal Deformity Study Group, Spinal Deformity Study Group, Chicago, IL, USA. December 12-15, 2002.
  41. Schwab, F.J. Radiographic Positioning Analysis in Adult Deformity. Spinal Deformity Study Group, Chicago, IL, USA. December 12-15, 2002.
  42. Schwab F.J., Fegoun, A.; Gamez. J.; Farcy JP.C.: Classification of scoliosis in the adult patient: a preliminary approach. Worldspine II. Chicago, IL, USA. August 10-13, 2003.
  43. Fegoun. A.; DePeretti, F.; Schwab, F.; Farcy, JP., Argenson. C.: Classification of lower cervical trauma: a prospective multicenter study of 284 cases. Worldspine II. Chicago, IL, USA. August 10-13, 2003.
  44. Fegoun. A.; Schwab, F.; DePeretti, F.; Farcy, JP., Argenson. C.: Diagnostic delay in lower cervical trauma: a prospective multicenter study of 284 cases. Worldspine II. Chicago, IL, USA. August 10-13, 2003.
  45. Schwab, F.; Dubey, A.; Fegoun, A.; Gamez, L.; Hwang, K.; Farcy, JP.: Adult scoliosis: prevalence, SF-36 and nutritional parameters in an elderly volunteer population. Worldspine II. Chicago, IL, USA. August 10-13, 2003.
  46. Benchikh A.; Schwab, F.; DePeretti, F.; Farcy, JP., Argenson. C.: Diagnostic delay in lower cervical trauma: a prospective multicenter study of 284 cases. Spine across the Sea. Maui, Hawaii, USA. July 27-31, 2003.
  47. Benchikh A.; Gamez, L.; Champain, N.; Schwab, F.; Skalli, W.; Farcy, J-P.: Posture Analysis and Center of Gravity Assessment: A Preliminary review of adult volunteers and adult scoliosis patient. Annual meeting of the Scoliosis Research Society. Quebec, Canada. September 11-13, 2003.
  48. Schwab, F.; Benchikh A.; Farcy, J-P.: Force Plate analysis and scoliosis – importance of the gravity line. Spine Deformity Study Group. Chicago December 11-13, 2003.
  49. Schwab, F.; Farcy, J-P.; Harrast, J.; Ferguson, M.: Adult Scoliosis Classification - Multicenter analysis. Spinal Deformity Study Group. Chicago December 11-13, 2003.
  50. Schwab, FJ; Farcy, J-PC; Farcy, D; Gamez, L; Pagala, M; Une analyse quantitative, radiologique et clinique de la scoliose chez l'adulte avec un essai preliminaire de classification. Annual Meeting of the Groupe d'Etude sur la Scoliose. Bruxelles, March 11-13, 2004
  51. Schwab, F.; Farcy, J-P.; Harrast, J.; Ferguson, M.: Adult Scoliosis: a preliminary classification. Spinal Deformity Study Group. Miami, April 2004
  52. Schwab, F.; Romeyer C.; Benchikh A.; Farcy, J-P.: Force Plate technology: the Zebris/rotation platform system. Spinal Deformity Study Group. Miami, April 2004
  53. Benchikh El Fegoun, A; Schwab, F.; Gamez, L.; Champain, N.; Skalli, W.; Farcy, J-P.: Radiographic and Center of Gravity Analysis: Correlation with Pain and SF-36 Scores in the Setting of Adult Scoliosis. IMAST, Bermuda, June 2004
  54. Schwab, F.; Farcy, J-P.; Berven, S.; Bridwell, K.; Ferguson, M.; Glassman, S.; Harrast, J.; Horton, W.: Deformity Apex, Lordosis, Olisthesis in Adult Thoracolumbar and Lumbar Scoliosis: Correlation with Disability. A Multi-Center Radiographic and Health Status Analysis. IMAST, Bermuda , June 2004
  55. Obeidat, M.; Schwab, F.; Goodman, H.; Farcy, J-P.: TLIF in the Revision Setting: Peri-operative Safety and 2-year Outcome. IMAST, Bermuda , June 2004
  56. Horton, W.; Bridwell, K.; Glassman, S.; Berven, S.; Hu, S.; Schwab, F.; DeWald, C.; Kostuik, J.: The Morbidity of Anterior Exposure for Spinal Deformity in Adults: An Analysis of Patient-Based Outcomes and Complications in 61 Consecutive Cases. IMAST, Bermuda , June 2004
  57. Schwab, F.; Farcy, J-P.; Berven, S.; Glassman, S.; Bridwell, K.; Horton, W.; Harrast, J.; Ferguson, M.: Deformity apex, thoracolumbar alignment determine disability in adult major thoracic scoliosis: A multi-center radiographic and health status analysis. Annual Meeting of the Scoliosis Research Society, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 2004
  58. Schwab, F.; Farcy, J-P.; Berven, S.; Bridwell, K.; Ferguson, M.; Glassman, S.; Harrast, J.; Horton, W.: Importance of deformity apex in Adult Lumbar Scoliosis: a multi-center radiographic and health status analysis. Annual Meeting of the North American Spine Society, Chicago, IL October, 2004
  59. Schwab, F.; Farcy, J-P.; Berven, S.; Bridwell, K.; Ferguson, M.; Glassman, S.; Harrast, J.; Horton, W.: A comprehensive clinical impact classification for Adult Scoliois. Spinal Deformity Study Group meeting San Diego, CA. April, 2005
  60. Schwab F, Farcy JP, Berven S, Glassman S, Bridwell K, Horton W. Deformity apex, lordosis and olisthesis in adult scoliosis: correlation with disability. A multi center radiographic and health status analysis. ISSLS 2005, May 10-14, New York.
  61. El Fegoun AB, Schwab F, Boyce R, Petracchi M, Farcy JP. Radiographic and center of gravity analysis: Correlation with pain and SF-36 scores in the setting of adult scoliosis. ISSLS 2005, May 10-14, New York.
  62. Schwab F, Boyce R, Romeyer C, Goodman H, Petracchi M, Farcy JP. Center of Gravity analysis in adult volunteers. Age-related correlation with spinal parameters and foot position. IMAST 2005, July 7-9, Banff, Alberta, Canada.
  63. Schwab F, Farcy JP, Berven S, Glassman S, Bridwell K, Horton W. Deformity apex, lordosis and olisthesis in Adult Scoliosis: correlation with disability. A multi-center radiographic and health status analysis. World Spine 2005, July 31-August 3, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  64. Goodman H, Schwab F, Petracchi M, Obeidat M, Boyce R, Farcy JP Influence of Spacer Position on Sagital Alignment in Instrumented Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion. World Spine 2005, July 31-August 3, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  65. Goodman H, Schwab F, Petracchi M, Boyce R, Farcy JP Influence of Spacer Position on Sagital Alignment in Instrumented Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion. NASS 2005, September 28 - October 1, Philadelphia, USA.
  66. Schwab F, Farcy JP, Bridwell K, Berven S, Glassman S, Horton W, et al. Intervertebral subluxation, lumbar lordosis but not cobb angle correlate with surgical rates in adult thoracolumbar and lumbar scoliosis. A multi-center analysis. NASS 2005, September 28 - October 1, Philadelphia, USA.
  67. Schwab F, Farcy JP, Bridwell K, Berven S, Glassman S, Harrast J, et al. A clinical impact classification of scoliosis in the adult. A multi-center clinical and radiographic analysis. SRS 2005, October 27-30, Miami, Florida, USA.
  68. Schwab F, Farcy JP, Bridwell K, Berven S, Glassman S, Harrast J, et al. Intervertebral subluxation, lumbar lordosis but not cobb angle correlate with surgical rates in adult thoracolumbar and lumbar scoliosis. A multi-center analysis. SRS 2005, October 27-30, Miami, Florida, USA.
  69. Schwab F, Farcy JP, Bridwell K, Berven S, Glassman S, Harrast J, Horton W. A clinical impact classification of scoliosis in the adult. A multi-center clinical and radiographic analysis. NYU-Hospital for Joint Diseases, Alumini Association 2005 Meeting, October 20-21, New York, NY, USA.
  70. Schwab F. Anterior release and posterior spinal fusion with hooks or screws placed in hook configuration. NYU-Hospital for Joint Diseases, Alumini Association 2005 Meeting, October 20-21, New York, NY, USA.
  71. Virginie Lafage, F. Schwab, R. Boyce, F. Rubio, F. Schwab and J. P. Farcy. "Gravity line and spino-pelvic parameters: Age related changes among asymptomatic adult volunteers." Scoliosis Research Society, Monterey, CA. (2006)
  72. Virginie Lafage, F. Schwab, R. Boyce, F. Rubio, W. Skalli and J. P. Farcy. "Gravity line and spino-pelvic parameters: Age related changes among asymptomatic adult volunteers." International Phillip Zorab Symposium, Oxford, UK. (2006)
  73. Virginie Lafage, F. Schwab, F. Rubio and J. P. Farcy. "Ligne de gravité et déséquilibre sagittal." Societe Francaise de Chirurgie du Rachis, Dijon, France. (2006)
  74. Virginie Lafage, F. Schwab, F. Rubio and J. P. Farcy. "Impact of sagittal plane spinal deformity on the spino-pelvic relationship and gravity line position in adults." Scoliosis Research Society, Monterey, CA. (2006)
  75. Virginie Lafage, F. Schwab, F. Rubio and J. P. Farcy. "Impact of sagittal plane spinal deformity on the spino-pelvic relationship and gravity line position in adults." International Phillip Zorab Symposium, Oxford, UK. (2006)
  76. Virginie Lafage, F. Schwab, F. Rubio, W. Skalli and J. P. Farcy. "Ligne de gravité et paramètres pelviens: Vieillissement du sujet asymptomatique." Societe Francaise de Chirurgie du Rachis, Dijon, France. (2006)
  77. Francisco Rubio, V. Lafage, F. Schwab and J. P. Farcy. "Spinal balance and force plate analysis: Repeatability analysis in volunteers." International Phillip Zorab Symposium, Oxford, UK. (2006)
  78. Frank Schwab, J.P. Farcy, K. Bridwell, S. Berven, S. Glassman, W. Horton, M. Shainline. "Surgical treatment analysis of 809 thoracolumbar and lumbar major adult deformity cases by a new adult scoliosis classification system". International Society for the study of the Lumbar Spine, Bergen, Norway. (2006)
  79. Frank Schwab, J.P. Farcy, K. Bridwell, S. Berven, S. Glassman, W. Horton, . Shainline. "Surgical treatment analysis of 809 thoracolumbar and lumbar major adult deformity cases by a new adult scoliosis classification system". International Phillip Zorab Symposium, Oxford, UK. (2006)
  80. Frank Schwab, J.P. Farcy, K. Bridwell, S. Berven, S. Glassman, W. Horton, . Shainline. "Surgical treatment analysis of 809 thoracolumbar and lumbar major adult deformity cases by a new adult scoliosis classification system". Scoliosis Research Society, Monterey, CA. (2006)
  81. Frank Schwab, J.P. Farcy, K. Bridwell, S. Berven, S. Glassman, W. Horton, M. Shainline. "Outcomes of Surgical treatment for thoracolumbar and lumbar major adult deformity: a review of 339 cases.". International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), Athens, Greece. (2006)
  82. Frank Schwab, J.P. Farcy, K. Bridwell, S. Berven, S. Glassman, W. Horton, M. Shainline. "Outcomes of Surgical treatment for thoracolumbar and lumbar major adult deformity: a review of 339 cases.". International Phillip Zorab Symposium, Oxford, UK. (2006)
  83. Frank Schwab , Virginie Lafage, Jean-Pierre Farcy, Keit Bridwell, Steve Glassman, Steve Ondra, Michael Shainline. Surgical outcome in Thoracolumbar and Lumbar major adult scoliosis: two-year post-operative analysis by adult Classification category IMAST 2007, July 11-14, Paradise Island, The Bahamas
  84. Virginie Lafage, Frank Schwab, Nicola Hawkinson, Ashish Patel, Jean-Pierre Farcy Spino-pelvic parameters following surgery for spinal deformity can be predicted: a pragmatic tool for the surgeon IMAST 2007, July 11-14, Paradise Island, The Bahamas
  85. Frank Schwab, Virginie Lafage, Jean-Pierre Farcy, Keit Bridwell, Steve Glassman, Steve Ondra, Michael Shainline Predicting outcome and complications in surgical treatment of Adult Scoliosis: an analysis of 109 patients at 2-year follow up SRS 2007, September 5-8, Edinburgh, Scotland
  86. Thomas Lowe, Sigurd Berven, Keith Bridwell, Charles Edwards; Steven Glassman, Christopher Hamill, Christopher Shaffrey, Frank Schwab, Michael Shainline, Long Adult Deformity Fusions Terminating at L5 vs. Sacrum/Pelvis SRS 2007, September 5-8, Edinburgh, Scotland
  87. Keith Bridwell, Christine Baldus, John Harrast; Charles Edwards, Steven Glassman, William Horton, Lawrence Lenke, Thomas Lowe, Steven Mardjetko, Stephen Ondra, Frank Schwab, Christopher Shaffrey, Age-Gender Matched Comparison of SRS Instrument Scores between Adult Deformity and Normal Adults: Are all SRS Domains Disease Specific? SRS 2007, September 5-8, Edinburgh, Scotland
  88. Frank Schwab, Virginie Lafage, Jean-Pierre Farcy, Keit Bridwell, Steve Glassman, Steve Ondra, Michael Shainline Predicting outcomes and complications in surgical treatment of Adult Scoliosis: an analysis of 109 patients at 2-year follow up NASS 2007, November 23-27, Austin Texas
  89. Steven Glassman, Chris Hamill, Keith Bridwell; Frank Schwab,John Dimar,Thomas Lowe. The Impact of Perioperative Complications on Clinical Outcome in Adult Deformity Surgery. NASS 2007, November 23-27, Austin Texas
  90. Lafage V, Schwab F, Patel A, Hawkinson N, Farcy JP. Pelvic Tilt Shows Correlation with Health Related Quality of Life Measures and Truncal Inclination. ISSLS, Spineweek 2008, Geneva, May 26-31
  91. Lafage V, Schwab F, Patel A, Hawkinson N, Farcy JP. A Validated Formula for Predicting Post Operative Sagittal Balance in the Setting of Adult Spinal Deformity ISSLS, Spineweek 2008, Geneva, May 26-31
  92. Lafage V, Schwab F, Patel A, Hawkinson N, Farcy JP. Computed Tomography Three Dimensional Analysis of The Porcine Scoliosis Model. NASS, Spineweek, Geneva 2008, May 26-31
  93. Schwab F, Lafage V, Patel A, Farcy JP, Bridwell K, Stephen Glassman, Shainline M. Patient Profiles in the Setting of Adult Spinal Deformity: Indications, Outcomes, and Clinical Success Considerations in 232 Patients with 2 Year Follow Up. NASS, Spineweek 2008, Geneva, May 26-31
  94. Schwab F, Patel A, Lafage V, Hawkinson N, Farcy JP. A Porcine Model for Progressive Scoliotic Deformity. IMAST 2008, July 8-11, Hong Kong
  95. Lafage V, Schwab F, Patel A, Hart R, Burton D, Boachie-Adjei O, Shelokov A, Hostin R, Shaffrey C, Gupta M, Akbarnia B, Bess S. Validating Predictive Models of Spino-Pelvic Alignment: Pre- and Post-Operative Analysis of 70 Adults Suffering From Sagittal Plane Malalignment. IMAST 2008, July 8-11, Hong Kong
  96. Schwab F, Lafage V, Patel A, Hart R, Burton D, Boachie-Adjei O, Shelokov A, Hostin R, Shaffrey C, Gupta M, Akbarnia B, Bess S. Does Vertebral Level of Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy Correlate with Degree of Spino-Pelvic Parameter Correction? SRS 2008, Salt Lake City, Utah. September 10-13.
  97. Patel A., Schwab F., Lafage V., Hawkinson N., Farcy J.P. Pelvic Tilt Shows Correlation with Health Related Quality of Life Measures and Truncal Inclination. SRS 2008, Salt Lake City, Utah. September 10-13.
  98. Schwab F, Lafage V, Patel A, Farcy JP, Bridwell K, Glassman S, Shainline M. Predicting Surgical Outcome by Change in Critical Parameters of Thoracolumbar - Lumbar Spinal Deformity in Adults. SRS 2008, Salt Lake City, Utah. September 10-13.
  99. Schwab F, Patel A, Lafage V, Hawkinson N, Farcy JP. A Porcine Model for Progressive Scoliotic Deformity. NASS 2008, October 14-18, Toronto, Ontario
  100. Patel A., Schwab F., Lafage V., Hawkinson N., Farcy J.P. Pelvic Tilt Shows Correlation with Health Related Quality of Life Measures and Truncal Inclination. NASS 2008, October 14-18, Toronto, Ontario
  101. Schwab F., Patel A., Lafage V., Farcy JP. Patterns of Progression in the Porcine Scoliosis Model. ICEOS and Growing Spine 2008, November 7-8, Montreal, Quebec.
  102. Lafage V, Patel A, Schwab F, Hawkinson N, Farcy JP. Corrélation entre version pelvienne, équilibre global et score cliniques chez une population d'adultes présentant des déformations rachidiennes. SOFCOT 2008, Paris, France, November 10-13
  103. Lafage V, Patel A, Schwab F, Hawkinson N, Farcy JP. Validation d'une formule de prédiction de l'alignement post-opératoire chez une population d'adultes présentant des déformations rachidiennes. SOFCOT 2008, Paris, France, November 10-13
  104. Smith JS, Shaffrey CI, Berven S, Glassman S, Hamill C, Horton W, Ondra S,Schwab F, Fu KM, Bridwell K. Operative versus conservative treatment of back pain in adults with scoliosis: A retrospective review of a prospective multicenter database with two-year follow-up. (CNS, 2008)
  105. Smith JS, Shaffrey CI, Berven S, Glassman S, Hamill C, Horton W, Ondra S,Schwab F, Fu KM, Bridwell K. Correlations of changes in back and leg pain with changes in Oswestry Disability Index, SRS-22 and SF-12 in surgically treated patients with adult scoliosis: A retrospective review of a prospective multicenter database with two-year follow-up. (CNS, 2008)
  106. Smith JS, Shaffrey CI, Berven S, Glassman S, Hamill C, Horton W, Ondra S, Schwab F, Fu KM, Bridwell K. Operative versus conservative treatment of leg pain in adults with scoliosis: A retrospective review of a prospective multicenter database with two-year follow-up. (CNS, 2008)
  107. Frank Schwab, MD. Goals of Sagittal Plane Realignment:Planning ideal spino-pelvic balance. SRS 2008, September 10-13, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
  108. Charles C. Edwards, II, MD; Keith H.Bridwell, MD; Michael Shainline, MS;Frank Schwab, MD; Sigurd H. Berven,MD; Christopher I. Shaffrey, MD; Steven D. Glassman, MD; Christopher L. Hamill,MD; Stephen L. Ondra, MD. Distal Anchor Selection for Adult Spinal Deformity (S1 vsS2/Ileum):The Effect on Sagittal Alignment and Outcomes. SRS 2008, September 10-13, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
  109. Justin S. Smith, MD, PhD; Christopher I. Shaffrey, MD; Sigurd H. Berven, MD; Steven D. Glassman, MD; Christopher L. Hamill, MD; William C. Horton, III, MD; Stephen L. Ondra, MD;Frank Schwab, MD; Kai-Ming Fu, MD,PhD; Keith H. Bridwell, MD. Operative versus Non-Operative Treatment of Leg Pain in Adults with Scoliosis: A Retrospective Review of a Prospective Multicenter Database with Two-Year Follow-Up. SRS 2008, September 10-13, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
  110. Lukas P. Zebala, MD; Keith H. Bridwell,MD; Steven D. Glassman, MD; William C. Horton, III, MD; Christopher I.Shaffrey, MD; Frank Schwab, MD; Joan F. Hilton, ScD; Michael Shainline, MS;Christine Baldus, RN, MHS; David Wootten, PhD. Does Treatment (Nonoperative and Operative) Help Patients with Adult Symptomatic Lumbar Scoliosis: A Prospective Multicenter Evidence-Based Medicine Study. SRS 2008, September 10-13, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
  111. Oheneba Boachie-Adjei, MD; R. Shay Bess,MD; Matthew E. Cunningham, MSc; Douglas C. Burton, MD; Christopher I. Shaffrey, MD; Alexis P. Shelokov, MD; Richard A. Hostin, MD; Frank Schwab, MD; Kirkham Wood, MD; Munish C. Gupta, MD; Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD, International Spine Study Group. Increasing Pain and Disability, Rather Than Deformity, Determine Treatment Modality for Older Patients with Adult Scoliosis. SRS 2008, September 10-13, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
  112. Christine Baldus, RN, MHS; Keith H. Bridwell, MD; John Harrast; Christopher I. Shaffrey, MD; Stephen L. Ondra, MD; Lawrence G. Lenke, MD; Frank Schwab, MD; Steven M. Mardjetko, MD, FAAP; Steven D. Glassman, MD; Charles C. Edwards, II, MD; Christopher J. DeWald, MD; Thomas G. Lowe, MD; William C. Horton, III, MD; David W. Polly, Jr., MD. Normative SRS-QOL Data to Allow Age and Gender Specific Comparisons to Adult Deformity Patients: An Analysis of 1346 Unaffected Subjects. SRS 2008, September 10-13, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
  113. Steven D. Glassman, MD; Frank Schwab, MD; Keith H. Bridwell, MD; Christopher I. Shaffrey, MD; William C. Horton, III, MD; Serena S. Hu, MD. Do One Year Outcomes Predict Two Year Outcomes in Adult Deformity Surgery? SRS 2008, September 10-13, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
  114. Charles C. Edwards, II, MD; Keith H. Bridwell, MD; Michael Shainline, MS; Sigurd H. Berven, MD; Stephen L. Ondra, MD; William C. Horton, III, MD; Steven D. Glassman, MD; Christopher I. Shaffrey, MD; Christopher L. Hamill, MD; Frank Schwab, MD. The Changing Practice of Adult Paper Spinal Deformity Surgery: An Emerging New Paradigm for Surgical Approach; Staged Procedures and Fusion Levels. SRS 2008, September 10-13, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
  115. Justin Smith, Christopher Shaffrey, Sigurd Berven, Steven Glassman, Chris Hamill, William Horton, Stephen Ondra, Frank Schwab, Kai-Ming Fu, Keith Bridwell. Operative vs Conservative Treatment of Leg Pain in Adults with Scoliosis: A Retrospective Review of a Prospective Multicenter Database with Two Year Follow-up. NASS 2008.
  116. Oheneba Boachie-Adjei, Shay Bess, Matthew Cunningham, Douglas Burton, Christopher Shaffrey, Alexis Shelokov, Richard Hostin, Frank Schwab, Kirkham Wood, Munish Gupta, Behrooz Akbarnia. Increasing Pain and Disability Rather than Deformity Determine Treatment Modality for Older Patients with Adult Scoliosis. NASS 2008.
  117. Justin S. Smith, Christopher I. Shaffrey, Sigurd Berven, Steven D. Glassman, Christopher Hamill, William Horton, Stephen L. Ondra, Frank J. Schwab, Kai-Ming Fu, Keith Bridwell. Correlations of Changes in Back and Leg Pain with Changes in Oswestry Disability Index, SRS-22, and SF-12 in Surgically Treated Patients with Adult Scoliosis: A Retrospective Review of a Prospective, Multi-center Database with 2-year Follow-up. IMAST 2008, July 8-11, Hong Kong.
  118. Kamerlink J, Errico T, Xavier S, Patel A, Patel A, Cohen A, Reiger M, Dryer J, Feldman D, Lonner B, Beric A, Schwab F. Major intraoperative neurologic monitoring deficits in consecutive pediatric and adult spinal deformity patients at one institution. LSRS-Lumbar Spine Research Society, Chicago, IL, April 2-3, 2009
  119. Cabalo, Bess K, Lanning K, Akbarnia B, Boachie-Adjei O, Burton D, Gupta M, Hostin R, Shaffrey C, Wood, Kebaish K, Cunningham M, Hart R, ISSG. Patients Perceive Perioperative Complications as More Severe and Having Greater Negative Consequences than Surgeons. LSRS-Lumbar Spine Research Society, Chicago, IL April 2-3, 2009
  120. Glassman SD, Carreon LY, Smith J, Schwab F, Suk SI, Horton W, Bridwell K. Does Appearance Influence Outcome in Adult Scoliosis? International Meeting for Advanced Spine Technologies, Vienna, Austria, July 15-18, 2009
  121. Lafage V, Schwab F, Boachie-Adjei O, Farcy JP, Shelekov A, Austin R, Hart R, Akbarnia B, Obrien M, Burton D, Shaffrey C. The impact of reciprocal regional alignment changes distant from the site of spinal osteotomies affects post-operative spinal balance. International Meeting for Advanced Spine Technologies, Vienna, Austria, July 15-18, 2009
  122. Schwab F, Lafage V, Shaffrey C, Farcy JP, Boachie-Adjei O, Shelekov A, Austin R, Hart R, Akbarnia B, Obrien M, Burton D. Pre-operative pelvic parameters must be considered to achieve adequate sagittal balance after lumbar osteotomy. International Meeting for Advanced Spine Technologies, Vienna, Austria, July 15-18, 2009
  123. Schwab F, Lafage V, Bridwell K, Glassman S, Shaffrey C, Farcy JP. An algorithm for treating adult thoracic major spinal deformity is helpful in guiding surgical treatment. International Meeting for Advanced Spine Technologies, Vienna, Austria, July 15-18, 2009
  124. Hawkinson N, Schwab F, Kelly B, Farcy JP, Mundis G, Cunningham M, Akbarnia B, Austin R, Hart R, Boachie-Adjei O, Burton D, Kleinberg E, Shaffrey C, Bess S. Major Complications Following Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery: Is There a High Risk Patient Profile?. International Meeting for Advanced Spine Technologies, Vienna, Austria, July 15-18, 2009
  125. Kamerlink J, Errico T, Xavier S, Patel A, Patel A, Cohen A, Reiger M, Dryer J, Feldman D, Lonner B, Beric A, Schwab F. Major intraoperative neurologic monitoring deficits in consecutive pediatric and adult spinal deformity patients at one institution. International Meeting for Advanced Spine Technologies, Vienna, Austria, July 15-18, 2009
  126. Bridwell K, Baldus C, Berven S, Edwards C, Glassman S, Hamill C, Horton W, Ondra S, Schwab F, Shaffrey C. Deterioration of Radiographic and Clinical Outcomes With Primary Treatment Adult Spinal Deformity Surgeries From 2 Years to 3-5 Years Follow-up. Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, September 23-26, 2009
  127. Smith JS, Shaffrey CI, Glassman SD, Berven S, Hamill C, Horton W, Ondra SL, Schwab FJ, Sansur C, Bridwell K. Risk-Benefit Assessment of Surgery for Adult Scoliosis: An Analysis Based on Patient Age. Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, September 23-26, 2009
  128. Lafage V, Schwab F, Smith J, Farcy JP, Boachie-Adjei O, Shelekov A, Austin R, Hart R, Akbarnia R, Obrien M, Burton D, Shaffrey C. PSO failures can be predicted by high pre-op SVA and Pelvic Tilt. Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, September 23-26, 2009
  129. Schwab F, Lafage V, Bridwell K, Glassman S, Shaffrey C, Farcy JP. Does a consensus algorithm for treating adult thoracolumbar and lumbar major spinal deformity help guide optimal treatment? Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, September 23-26, 2009
  130. Burton D, Boachie-Adjei O, Shaffrey C, Schwab F, Hostin R, Shelokov A, Bess S, Akbarnia B, ISSG. Outcomes and Complications of Extension of Previous Long Fusion to the Sacro-Pelvis: Does Surgical Approach Make a Difference?. Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, September 23-26, 2009
  131. N, Schwab FJ, Kelly, Farcy JP, Mundis, Cunningham M, Akbarnia R, Hostin R, Hart R, Boachie-Adjei O, Burton D, Klineberg, Shaffrey C, Bess S, ISSG. Major Complications Following Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery: Is There A High Risk Patient Profile? Top Ten paper CNS 2009, October 24-29, New Orleans, LA
  132. Kamerlink J, Errico T, Xavier S, Patel A, Patel A, Cohen A, Reiger M, Dryer J, Feldman D, Lonner B, Beric A, Schwab F. Major intraoperative neurologic monitoring deficits in consecutive pediatric and adult spinal deformity patients at one institution. North American Spine Society, San Francisco, CA, November 10-14, 2009
  133. Lafage V, Schwab F, Smith J, Farcy JP, Boachie-Adjei O, Shelekov A, Austin R, Hart R, Akbarnia R, Obrien M, Burton D, Patel A, Shaffrey C. PSO failures can be predicted by high pre-op SVA and Pelvic Tilt. North American Spine Society, San Francisco, CA, November 10-14, 2009
  134. Lafage V, Schwab F, Smith J, Farcy JP, Boachie-Adjei O, Shelekov A, Austin R, Hart R, Akbarnia R, Obrien M, Burton D, Patel A, Shaffrey C. PSO failures can be predicted by high pre-op SVA and Pelvic Tilt. North American Spine Society, San Francisco, CA, November 10-14, 2009
  135. Patel A, Lafage R, Schwab F, Farcy JP, Lafage V. Porcine Model for Progressive Scoliosis: The Impact of Removing the Mechanical Tether. International Congress on Early Onset Scoliosis and Growing Spine (ICEOS), Istanbul, Turkey, November 20-21, 2009
  136. N Hawkinson, F Schwab, B Kelly, JP Farcy, G Mundis, M Cunningham, B Akbarnia, R Hostin. Major Complications Following Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery: Is There a High Risk Patient Profile?. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), New Orleans, LA, March 9-13, 2010
  137. F Schwab, N Hawkinson, V Lafage, R Hart, G Mundis, D Burton, B Line, B Akbarnia, O Boachie, R Hostin, C Shaffrey, J Smith, K Wood, S Bess, ISSG. Risk Factors for Major Peri-operative Complications in Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery: A Multi-center Review of 953 Consecutive Patients. Lumbar Spine Research Society Meeting (LSRS), Chicago, IL, April 8-9, 2010
  138. R Hostin, R Hart, B Line, C Ames, V Lafage, F Schwab, D Burton, C Shaffrey, J Smith, K Kebaish, M O'Brien, K Wood, S Bess, ISSG. Treatment Parameters and Injury Mechanisms Associated with Acute Proximal Junctional Failure Following Posterior Spinal Fusion for Deformity. Lumbar Spine Research Society Meeting (LSRS), Chicago, IL, April 8-9, 2010
  139. V Lafage, S Bess, F Schwab, E Klineberg, R Hostin, D Burton, C Shaffrey, J Smith, ISSG. Alignment Failures Following Thoracic Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomies. International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), Toronto, Canada, July 21-24, 2010
  140. R Hostin, S Bess, R Hart, B Line, C Ames, K Kebaish, D Burton, V Lafage, M O'Brien, F Schwab, C Shaffrey, J Smith, K Wood, ISSG. Acute Proximal Junctional Failure Following Long Posterior Fusion for Spinal Deformity: Risk Factors and Radiographic Analysis Comparing Thoracolumbar to Upper Thoracic Failures. International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), Toronto, Canada, July 21-24, 2010
  141. A Patel , F Schwab, V Lafage, B Ungar, JP Farcy. Progressive Spinal Deformity Correction via an Anterior Based Tether in a Porcine Scoliosis Model: A Detailed Radiographic Analysis. International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), Toronto, Canada, July 21-24, 2010
  142. JP Farcy, F Schwab, V Lafage, A Patel,S Glassman, K Bridwell. Impact of upper fusion level on outcome in the setting of Adult Spinal Deformity: effectiveness of the Clinical Impact Classification in guiding treatment. International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), Toronto, Canada, July 21-24, 2010
  143. J Smith, C Shaffrey, S Glassman, L Carreon, F Schwab, V Lafage, S Berven, K Bridwell. Clinical and Radiographic Factors that Distinguish Between the Best and Worst Outcomes of Scoliosis Surgery for Adults 18-45 Years Old. International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), Toronto, Canada, July 21-24, 2010
  144. S Bess, F Schwab, V Lafage, R Hostin, C Ames, E Klineberg, O Boachie, D Burton, R Hart, C Shaffrey, J Smith, ISSG. Thoracic Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy for Adult Spinal Deformity Improves Regional Spinal Deformity and Pelvic Tilt. Scoliosis Research Society (SRS), Kyoto, Japan, September 21-24, 2010
  145. F Schwab, N Hawkinson, V Lafage, R Hart, G Mundis, D Burton, B Line, B Akbarnia, O Boachie, R Hostin, C Shaffrey, J Smith, K Wood, S Bess, ISSG. Risk Factors for Major Peri-operative Complications in Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery: A Multi-center Review of 953 Consecutive Patients. Scoliosis Research Society (SRS), Kyoto, Japan, September 21-24, 2010
  146. V Lafage, E Klineberg, F Schwab, B Akbarnia, C Ames, O Boachie, D Burton, R Hart, R Hostin, C Shaffrey, K Wood, J Bess, ISSG. Changes in Thoracic Kyphosis Negatively Impact Sagittal Alignment Following Lumbar Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy. Scoliosis Research Society (SRS), Kyoto, Japan, September 21-24, 2010
  147. F Schwab, A Patel , V Lafage, B Ungar, JP Farcy. Vertebral Growth Modulation in the Porcine Scoliosis Model by Computed Tomographic Analysis: Effect of a Corrective Tether Technique. Scoliosis Research Society (SRS), Kyoto, Japan, September 21-24, 2010
  148. V Lafage, E Klineberg, SF chwab, B Akbarnia, C Ames, O Boachie, D Burton, R Hart, R Hostin, C Shaffrey, K Wood, S Bess, ISSG. Changes in Thoracic Kyphosis Negatively Impact Sagittal Alignment Following Lumbar Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy. North American Spine Society (NASS), Orlando, FL, October 5-9, 2010
  149. F Schwab, E Klineberg, R Hostin, V Lafage, D Burton, C Shaffrey, J Smith, S Bess, ISSG. Alignment Failures Following Thoracic Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomies. North American Spine Society (NASS), Orlando, FL, October 5-9, 2010
  150. F Schwab, V Lafage, S Glassman, K Bridwell, JP Farcy. Impact of upper fusion level on outcome in the setting of Adult Spinal Deformity: effectiveness of the Clinical Impact Classification in guiding treatment. North American Spine Society (NASS), Orlando, FL, October 5-9, 2010

Reviews and Educationally Relevant Publications

  1. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Post traumatic kyphosis. Proper Contour of the fused spine. The evaluation of spondylolisthesis. The sagittal plane, the most important plane? Thoracolumbar trauma, concepts of surgical management. Metastatic tumor surgery, can we justify it? Surgery in Idiopathic scoliosis. Presented at the Fourth North European Spine Course for Surgeons. Nottingham, England. September 2, 1996
  2. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Prevention and management of post-traumatic kyphosis. GICD course. Ottowa, Canada. September 25, 1996
  3. Farcy, J.P.C., Schwab, F.: Ideal Contour of the Fused Spine Backtalk, The Scoliosis Association, Inc. Vol. 20, No. 1. January/February 1997.
  4. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Realignment for Flatback and Associated Syndromes. Consensus Conference, Lumbar Fusion. Group International Cotrel-Dubousset. Cortina D’Ampezzo, Italy. January 20, 1997
  5. Farcy, J.P.C., Schwab, F.: Ideal Contour of the Fused Spine. Backtalk, The Scoliosis Association, Inc. Vol. 20, No. 1. January/February 1997.
  6. Farcy J.P.C., Schwab, F.: Thoracolumbar trauma: Challenge of Fixation in elderly patient. Deformities: Decompensation induced by surgery. Combined procedure: staging and timing. Degenerative lumbar spine: Sagittal balance and iatrogenic flatback. 67th AO/ASIF Advance Spine Course. Davos Platz, Switzerland. December 14, 1997.
  7. Farcy J.P.C., Schwab, F.: Sagittal alignment in the management of adult scoliosis. Spinal osteotomy: closing wedge, opening wedge or pedicle subtraction? Sacral fixation: indications, techniques and results. Perspectives - L4- L5 fusions - open vs. endoscopic: Open. GICD-USA. Beaver, CO. January 18, 1998.
  8. Farcy J.P.C., Schwab, F.: Consensus Conference the Revision Surgery. Revision surgery for thoraco-lumbar injuries and for lumbo-sacral degenerative spine problems. GICD. Cortina d’Ampezzo, Italy. January 26, 1998.
  9. Farcy, J.P.C., Schwab, F.J.: Restoration of Sagittal Alignment for Iatrogenic Flat-Back. The Alumni Association of the NYU-HJD Orthopaedic Surgery. The 1998 Alumni Scientific Meeting. October 22,23, 1998.
  10. Schwab, F.J., Singh, K., Farcy, J.P.C.: Unilateral Approach to Posterior Lumbar Interbody in the Revision Setting. The Alumni Association of the NYU-HJD Orthopaedic Surgery. The 2002 Alumni Scientific Meeting. October 18, 2002.
  11. Schwab, F.J.: The Transforamenal Lumbar Interbody Fusion technique: Medtronic Sofamor Danek/Spinal Associates Cadaver Spine Surgery Program. October 9, 2002
  12. Schwab F.J., Farcy J-P.C.: Revision Surgery in the setting of Adult Scoliosis. Backtalk, The Scoliosis Association, Inc.. Vol 26 (2). 2003.
  13. Schwab F.J., Farcy J-P.C.: Spinal fungal osteomyelitis with kyphosis. Spinal Frontiers. Vol 1(2). June 2003.
  14. Schwab F.J., Farcy J-P.C.: Spinal fungal osteomyelitis with kyphosis. Spinal Frontiers. Vol 1(2). June 2003.
  15. Schwab F, Lafage V, Farcy JP: Evaluating Spinal Balance and Center of Gravity in Spinal Deformity. Spinal Deformity Study Group, Instructional course, Saint Louis 2005
  16. Schwab F, Lafage V, Farcy JP: The Kyphosing Spine:Presentation, evaluation, indications and goals of treatment Global Spine, New York, december 2005
  17. Schwab F, Farcy JP: TLIF and minimally invasive lumbar fusion options: indications, techniques, outcomes. Are these options superior to current artificial disc options. Spine Course, Beaver creek 2005.ppt
  18. Schwab F, Lafage V, Farcy JP: Sagittal plane considerations in treating pathologies of the aging spine Spinal Focus, December 8-9, 2006 – New York, NY
  19. Schwab F, Lafage V, Farcy JP: Classification of Spinal Deformity in the Adult. February 26-28, 2007 - Las Vegas
  20. Schwab F: When to operate on Adult Scoliosis patients and when to say No. SRS Course September 13-16, 2006 - Monterey, California
  21. 21. Frank Schwab, Ashish Patel. Pelvic Alignment and Fixation in the Adult Patient. SRS 2007, September 5-8, Edinburgh, Scotland
  22. Jean-Pierre Farcy, Virginie Lafage. Natural history of aging spine Nice Spine Course: current Concepts 2007, September 9-11. Nice, France.
  23. Virginie Lafage, Frank Schwab, Jean-Pierre Farcy. Biomechanical Evidence: The complexity of human standing and its associated compensatory mechanisms with an emphasis on the sagittal plane. Nice Spine Course: current Concepts 2007, September 9-11. Nice, France.
  24. Frank Schwab, Virginie Lafage, Ashish Patel, Jean-Pierre Farcy. Classification of Adult Spinal Deformity. Nice Spine Course: current Concepts 2007, September 9-11. Nice, France.
  25. Frank Schwab, Virginie Lafage, Jean-Pierre Farcy. Spino-pelvic considerations in the correction of alignment: planning of osteotomies. Nice Spine Course: current Concepts 2007, September 9-11. Nice, France.
  26. Frank Schwab, Ashish Patel. Elementary Goals in the Treatment of Degenerative Lumbar Scoliosis. Aging Spine Course 2008. May 8-9, New York, NY.
  27. Frank Schwab, Ashish Patel. Saving a Level in the Lumbar Spine in AIS is Important for Long Term Outcome: Stop at L3 for Motion, Fuse to L4 and Forget about it. AAOS 2009, Feburary 25-28, Las Vegas, NV.
  28. Schwab F. Surgical Treatment of Degenerative Lumbar Scoliosis: Decision for stopping at T10 vs. T12, L1, more proximal, and L- vs. S1 distally, when is anterior surgery indicated and how much lordosis is optimum. Complex Adult Spine, June 1-2, Chicago Illinois (2007)
  29. Frank Schwab, Ashish Patel. Pelvic Alignment and Fixation in the Adult Patient. Hibbs society meeting (SRS pre-meeting course), September 5-8, Edinburgh, Scotland (2007)
  30. Schwab F, Lafage V. Spino-pelvic considerations in the correction of alignment: planning of osteotomies. Advanced Peer to Peer Meeting, December 14-15, New York (2007)
  31. Schwab F, Lafage V. Adult Deformity: Analysis of the Sagittal Plane. Spinal Summit, February 10-13, Vail Colorado (2008)
  32. Schwab F. Circumferential fusion is better than posterior. AAOS ICL Course #346 "Adult Lumbar Scoliosis: State-of-the-Art Treatment". March 5-9, San Francisco, California (2008)
  33. Schwab F. Adult lumbar scoliosis: The spectrum of the presentation and how should it be classified. Who should be treated operatively vs. non-operatively? What are the proven methods of non-operative treatment? What outcome can be expected from surgical treatment? AAOS ICL Course #346 "Adult Lumbar Scoliosis: State-of-the-Art Treatment". March 5-9, San Francisco, California (2008)
  34. Schwab F, Lafage V. Analysis of Sagittal Plane Balance – normal and abnormal. International spine Study Group Course - Current Trends and Treatment of Kyphosis and Sagittal Deformities, March 14-15, Lisbon Portugal (2008)
  35. Schwab F, Lafage V. An overview of Post surgical sagittal imbalance and Surgical Technique options. International spine Study Group Course - Current Trends and Treatment of Kyphosis and Sagittal Deformities, March 14-15, Lisbon Portugal (2008)
  36. Frank Schwab, Ashish Patel. Elementary Goals in the Treatment of Degenerative Lumbar Scoliosis. Aging Spine Course 2008. May 8-9, New York, NY (2008)
  37. Schwab F, Lafage V. Adult Spinal Deformity: the role of osteotomy in sagittal realignment. The Spinal Deformity Summit, April 11-12, Miami Florida (2008)
  38. Schwab F, Lafage V. Sagittal Balance: Measurement Parameters and Treatment Options. The Spinal Deformity Summit, April 11-12, Miami Florida (2008)
  39. Schwab F, Lafage V. Goals of sagittal plane realignment: Planning ideal spino-pelvic balance. Hibbs society meeting (SRS pre-meeting course), September 10-13, Salt Lake City, Utah (2008)
  40. Schwab F, Lafage V. Revision - Deformity. Aging and Complex Spine Summit, October 2-4, San Diego California (2008)
  41. Schwab F Adult Scoliosis: Evaluation, Non-Op, and Operative, Degenerative Disease and Deformity of the Spine: Diagnosis and Management, January 23rd, New York, NY (2009)
  42. Schwab FJ. "Adult Scoliosis: Evaluation, Non-Op, and Operative" in NYU CME course: Degenerative Disease and Deformity of the Spine: Diagnosis and Management. New York, January 23, 2009
  43. Schwab FJ. "Fuse to L4 and Forget about it", in Federation of Spine Associations, AAOS Las Vegas, NV, February 28, 2009
  44. Schwab FJ "Adult lumbar scoliosis: Spectrum of presentation and classification", ICL course 305: Adult Lumbar Scoliosis: State-of-the-Art Treatment (Operative and Non-operative), AAOS Las Vegas, NV, February 25-28, 2009
  45. Lafage V, Schwab FJ, Farcy JP. "Analyse de la Posture et de l'Equilibre Sagittal » in L'analyse de la marche : Un pas vers de nouveaux horizons, Beirut, Lebanon, March 27-28, 2009
  46. Schwab F, Lafage V. "Understanding sagittal plane alignment and it's role in treating adult spinal deformity", New York Orthopaedic Hospital Alumni Association Meeting, May 8, 2009
  47. Lafage V, Schwab F. "Planning Osteotomies: The science of spinal alignment, available algorithms, and how to determine the necessary realignment for the adult deformity patient?" Sharpening Your Spine Surgery Skills, Burr Ridge, IL, May 15-16, 2009
  48. Schwab F, Lafage V. Why Sagittal Plane? What is Normal? Radiologic and Clinical Evalulation of Sagittal Plane of the Spine. Fifth Advanced Deformity Meeting: Sagittal Plane Deformity, Istanbul, Turkey, May 14-15, 2009
  49. Schwab F, Lafage V. Do We Have Efficient Tools to Pre-Plan These Treatment Options? Pre-Operative Planning Tools. Fifth Advanced Deformity Meeting: Sagittal Plane Deformity, Istanbul, Turkey, May 14-15, 2009
  50. Schwab FJ, "Adult Deformity II", International Meeting for Advanced Spine Technologies, Vienna Austria, July 15-18, 2009
  51. Schwab FJ, "Adult Deformity III: Decision Making Relative to Extention to the Sacrum Pelvis", International Meeting for Advanced Spine Technologies, Vienna Austria, July 15-18, 2009
  52. Schwab FJ, Lafage V. "Radiographic Evaluation of the Adult Deformity Patient: Importance of Global Balance and Pelvic Parameters", SRS Pre Course: "Critical Concepts in Adult Deformity Surgery", Scoliosis Research Society, San Antonio, TX, September 23-26, 2009
  53. Schwab F, Lafage V. Radiographic Evaluation of the Adult Deformity Patient: Importance of Global Balance and Pelvic Parameters, NASS Pre-Course: "Critical Concepts in Adult Deformity Surgery", North American Spine Society, San Francisco, CA, November 10-14, 2009
  54. Schwab F, Lafage V. Surgical Management of Lumbar Degenerative Deformity, NASS 24th Annual Meeting Symposia, North American Spine Society, San Francisco, CA, November 10-14, 2009
  55. Schwab FJ, Lafage V. "Defining the Problem", NASS Pre-Meeting Course: "Surgical Management of Lumbar Degenerative Deformity", North American Spine Society, San Francisco, CA, November 10-14, 2009
  56. Edwards C, Hamill C, Schwab F. Adult Lumbar Scoliosis: State-of-the-Art Treatment (Operative and Non-Operative), American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), New Orleans, LA, March 9-13, 2010
  57. Schwab F, Lafage V. Spinal Alignment Formulas and Operative Planning Tools in Realignment Planning in Adult Deformity: The Newest Tools, Formulas and Techniques to Get it Right , American Academy Of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), New Orleans, LA, March 9-13, 2010
  58. Schwab F, Lafage V. Should We be Operating on Lower Back Pain from Degenerative Scoliosis?, International Society for the Advancement of Spine Surgery, (SAS), New Orleans, LA, April 27-30, 2010
  59. Schwab F. Normal, Abnormal but Balanced, Unbalanced: Spine and Pelvis, Sagittal Balance Meeting Deformity and Degenerative, Oulu, Finland, June 4-6, 2010
  60. Schwab F. Pre-Planning Sagittal Correction-Data Frame, Sagittal Balance Meeting Deformity and Degenerative, Oulu, Finland, June 4-6, 2010
  61. Schwab F. Sagittal Balance Correction and HRQ-O-L, Sagittal Balance Meeting Deformity and Degenerative, Oulu, Finland, June 4-6, 2010

Books and Monographs

  1. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Compact Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation, in Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Fixation. Ed. J.Y. Marguiles, Y. Floman, J-P. C. Farcy, M.G. Neuwirth. Lippincott-Raven. Philadelphia. 1996
  2. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Limits of Lumbosacral Fusion, in Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Fixation. Ed. J.Y. Marguiles, Y. Floman, J-P. C. Farcy, M.G. Neuwirth. Lippincott-Raven. Philadelphia. 1996
  3. Farcy, J.P.C., Schwab, F.: Considerations for Fusion in the Lumbosacral Spine. Philadelphia, Hanley & Belfus, Inc. Vol. 11, No.1. January 1997.
  4. Pascal-Moussellard, H., Schwab, F., Farcy, J-P.: Fixed Pelvic Obliquity: A Treatment Approach. SPINE: State of the Art Reviews-Philadelphia, Hanley&Belfus, Inc.Vol. 12, No.1, January 1998.
  5. Klein, J.R., Schwab, F.J., Farcy, J-P.C.: Posttraumatic Kyphosis: Rationale and experience with simultaneous anterior/posterior technique. SPINE: Start of the Art Reviews, Philadelphia, Hanley&Belfus, Inc.Vol 12 (3), Sept 1998
  6. Schwab, F.J., Klein, J.R., Farcy, J-P.C.: Simultaneous Anterior and Posterior Approaches to the spine for revision surgery: Current indications and techniques. In: J.Y. Marguiles, M. Aebi, J-P. Farcy editors: Revision Spine Surgery, St. Louis, 1999 , Mosby, pp 167-174.
  7. Klein, J.R., Schwab, F.J., Farcy, J-P.C.: Revisions of Thoracolumbar fractures treated surgically: Posttraumatic Kyphosis. In: J.Y. Marguiles, M. Aebi, J-P. Farcy editors: Revision Spine Surgery, St. Louis, 1999 , Mosby, pp 330-341.
  8. Schwab, F.J., Farcy, J-P.C.: Flat Back Syndrome and Related Kyphotic Decompensation Syndromes. In: J.Y. Marguiles, M. Aebi, J-P. Farcy editors: Revision Spine Surgery, St. Louis, 1999 , Mosby, pp 681-691.
  9. Schwab, F.J., Farcy, J-P.C.: Rationale for Realignment surgery for the Spine. In: J.Y. Marguiles, M. Aebi, J-P. Farcy editors: Revision Spine Surgery, St. Louis, 1999, Mosby, pp 746-751.
  10. Matiyahu, A., Klein, J., Schwab, F.: Osteoporotic Fractures of the Spine. In: Vaccaro, Albert, ed. Master Cases: Spine surgery, pp262-268. New York. Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., 2001
  11. Farcy, J-P.C., Hoffman, B.D., Schwab, F.: Fixed Pelvic Obliquity. In: Vaccaro, Albert, ed. Master Cases: Spine surgery, pp426-434. New York. Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., 2001
  12. Schwab, F., Petracchi, M., Farcy, J-P.: Considerations for reducing complications in spinal deformity surgery. In: Errico, Moulton, Lonner, ed. Essential Concepts of Spinal Deformity Surgery. Elsevier Science. In press.
  13. Schwab, FJ & al: Roundtable Discusission pp13-90. In: Roundtables in Spine Surgery: advanced Spinal Deformity. Quality Medical Publishing. 2007, 2(2):13-90
  14. Patel A., Schwab F., Farcy J., De Novo Scoliosis. In: Keith Bridwell, ed. The Textbook of Operative Spine Surgery. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. Pub Status: Accepted

Posters

  1. Schwab, F.J., Klein, J.R., Farcy, D., Hoffman, B., Farcy, J-P.C., Schechter, C.: Sagittal Plane Pelvic Rotation: A compensatory mechanism in spinal deformity. Poster Presentation. Annual Meeting of the International Society of Study of the Lumbar Spine. June, 1999.
  2. Hwang, K., Schwab, F.J., Smith, V., Pagala, M., Farcy, J-P.: Classification of scoliosis in the adult patient: a preliminary approach. Poster presentation. Annual Meeting of the North American Spine Society. Seattle. November, 2001.
  3. Schwab, F.J., Farcy, J-P.: Unilateral approach posterior lumbar interbody fusion in the revision setting. Worldspine II. Chicago, IL, USA. August 10-13, 2003.
  4. Schwab, F.; Dubey, A.; Fegoun, A.; Gamez, L.; Hwang, K.; Farcy, JP.: Adult scoliosis: prevalence, SF-36 and nutritional parameters in an elderly volunteer population. Spine across the Sea. Maui, Hawaii, USA. July 27-31, 2003.
  5. Goodman, HG.; Williams, CA.; Obeidat, M.; Benchikh, K.; Pagala, M.; Schwab, F.: Classification of implant placement following TLIF: An inter-observer and intra-observer reliability study
  6. Obeidat, M.; Schwab, F.; Goodman, H.; Farcy JP.: One to two level TLIF in the Revision setting: peri-operative safety and 2-year outcome. IMAST, Bermuda , June 2004
  7. Glassman S, Bridwell K, Berven S, Horton W, Schwab F: The Impact of Positive Sagittal Balance in Adult Spinal Deformity. North American Spine Society, Chicago, Illinois, October 27, 2004.
  8. Glassman S, Bridwell K, Berven S, Horton W, Schwab F: The impact of positive sagittal balance in adult spinal deformity. Annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Washington, February 23 – 27, 2005
  9. Schwab F, Romeyer C, Boyce R, Goodman H, Petracchi M, Pagala M, et al. Center of gravity assessment on force plate demonstrates shift with increasing age. ISSLS 2005, May 10-14, New York.
  10. Goodman H, Obeidat M, Petracchi M, Rodriquez G, Pagala M, Schwab F, et al. Classification of implant placement following TLIF: An inter-observer and intra-observer reliability study. ISSLS 2005, May 10-14, New York.
  11. Schwab F, Goodman H, Petracchi M, Rodriquez G, Obeidat M, Boyce R, et al. TLIF in the revision setting: peri-operative safety and 2 year outcome. ISSLS 2005, May 10-14, New York.
  12. Schwab F, Farcy JP, Bridwell K, Berven S, Glassman S, Harrast J, et al. A clinical impact classification of scoliosis in the adult. A multi-center clinical and radiographic analysis. IMAST 2005, July 7-9, Banff, Alberta, Canada.
  13. Schwab F, Farcy JP, Bridwell K, Berven S, Glassman S, Harrast J, et al. Intervertebral subluxation, lumbar lordosis but not cobb angle correlate with surgical rates in adult thoracolumbar and lumbar scoliosis. A multi-center analysis. IMAST 2005, July 7-9, Banff, Alberta, Canada.
  14. Schwab F, Boyce R, Goodman H, Petracchi M, Romeyer C, Pagala M, et al. Center of Gravity analysis in adult volunteers: age-related offsets from spinal landmarks and heel position. World Spine 2005, July 31-August 3, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  15. Goodman H, Petracchi M, Obeidat M, Rodriquez G, Boyce R, Pagala M, et al. Classification of implant placement following Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion. World Spine 2005, July 31-August 3, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  16. El Fegoun AB, Schwab F, Boyce R, Petracchi M, Farcy JP Radiographic and center of gravity analysis: Correlation with pain and SF-36 scores in the setting of adult scoliosis. World Spine 2005, July 31-August 3, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  17. Schwab F, Petracchi M, Goodman H, Boyce R, Obeidat M, Rodriquez G, et al. TLIF in the revision setting: peri-operative safety and 2-year outcome. World Spine 2005, July 31-August 3, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  18. Schwab F, Petracchi M, Goodman H, Rodriquez G, Obeidat M, Boyce R, et al. TLIF in the revision setting: peri-operative safety and 2-year outcome. NASS 2005, September 28 - October 1, Philadelphia, USA.
  19. Schwab F, Boyce R, Goodman H, Petracchi M, Romeyer C, Pagala M, et al. Center of Gravity analysis in adult volunteers: age-related offsets from spinal landmarks and heel position. SRS 2005, October 27-30, Miami, Florida, USA.
  20. Virginie Lafage, F. Schwab, R. Boyce, F. Rubio, W. Skalli and J. P. Farcy. "Gravity line and spino-pelvic parameters: Age related changes among asymptomatic adult volunteers." International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), Athens, Greece. (2006)
  21. Virginie Lafage, F. Schwab, F. Rubio and J. P. Farcy. "Impact of sagittal plane spinal deformity on the spino-pelvic relationship and gravity line position in adults." International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), Athens, Greece. (2006)
  22. Virginie Lafage, F. Schwab, F. Rubio, W. Skalli and J. P. Farcy. "Correlation between the gravity line and spino-pelvic parameters in asymptomatic volunteers and scoliotic patients." International Society for the study of the Lumbar Spine, Bergen, Norway. (2006)
  23. Francisco Rubio, V. Lafage, F. Schwab and J. P. Farcy. "Inter- and intra-subject correlation of center of pressure measurements acquired using a force plate device." International Society for the study of the Lumbar Spine, Bergen, Norway. (2006)
  24. Frank Schwab, J.P. Farcy, K. Bridwell, S. Berven, S. Glassman, W. Horton, M. Shainline. "Surgical treatment analysis of 809 thoracolumbar and lumbar major adult deformity cases by a new adult scoliosis classification system." International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), Athens, Greece. (2006)
  25. 25. Lafage V, Schwab F, Patel A, Hawkinson N, Farcy JP. A new coronal pelvic parameter to estimate Pelvic tilt. IMAST, July 11-14, Paradise Island, The Bahamas (2007)
  26. Schwab F, Lafage V, Farcy JP, Bridwell K, Glassman S, Ondra S, Shainline M. Predicting outcome and complications in surgical treatment of Adult Scoliosis: an analysis of 109 patients at 2-year follow up. IMAST, July 11-14, Paradise Island, The Bahamas (2007)
  27. Lafage V, Schwab F, Skalli W, Hawkinson N, Patel A, Farcy JP. Spino-pelvic parameters following surgery for spinal deformity can be predicted: a pragmatic tool for the surgeon. SRS, September 5-8, Edinburgh, Scotland (2007)
  28. Schwab F, Lafage V, Patel A, Farcy JP. A Porcine Model for Progressive Scoliotic Deformity. International Congress on Early Onset Scoliosis and Growing Spine, November 2-3, Madrid, Spain (2007)
  29. Lafage V, Schwab F, Patel A, Farcy JP. Three Dimensional Analysis of a New Porcine Model for Scoliosis. International Congress on Early Onset Scoliosis and Growing Spine, November 2-3, Madrid, Spain (2007)
  30. Schwab F, Lafage V, Patel A, Farcy JP. A Porcine Model for Progressive Scoliotic Deformity ISSLS, Spineweek, Geneva, May 26-31 (2008)
  31. Schwab F, Lafage V, Patel A, Farcy JP, Bridwell K, Stephen Glassman, Shainline M. Predicting Surgical Outcome by Change in Critical Parameters of Thoracolumbar - Lumbar Spinal Deformity in Adults. NASS, Spineweek, Geneva, May 26-31 (2008)
  32. Schwab F, Lafage V, Patel A, Farcy JP, Bridwell K, Glassman S, Shainline M. Predicting Surgical Outcome by Change in Critical Parameters of Thoracolumbar - Lumbar Spinal Deformity in Adults. IMAST 2008, July 8-11, Hong Kong
  33. Schwab F, Patel A, Lafage V, Farcy JP, Bridwell K, Glassman S, Shainline M. Patient Profiles in the Setting of Adult Spinal Deformity: Indications, Outcomes, and Clinical Success Considerations in 232 Patients with 2 Year Follow Up. IMAST 2008, July 8-11, Hong Kong
  34. Patel A., Schwab F., Lafage V., Hawkinson N., Farcy J.P. Pelvic Tilt Shows Correlation with Health Related Quality of Life Measures and Truncal Inclination. IMAST 2008, July 8-11, Hong Kong
  35. Lafage V; Schwab F, Patel A. Hawkinson N., Farcy J.P. Computed Tomography Three Dimensional Analysis of The Porcine Scoliosis Model. IMAST 2008, July 8-11, Hong Kong
  36. Lafage V; Schwab F, Patel A. Hawkinson N., Farcy J.P. A Validated Formula for Predicting Post Operative Sagittal Balance in the Setting of Adult Spinal Deformity. IMAST 2008, July 8-11, Hong Kong
  37. Schwab F, Lafage V, Patel A, Hart R, Burton D, Boachie-Adjei O, Shelokov A, Hostin R, Shaffrey C, Gupta M, Akbarnia B, Bess S. Does Vertebral Level of Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy Correlate with Degree of Spino-Pelvic Parameter Correction? IMAST 2008, July 8-11, Hong Kong
  38. Schwab F; Patel A, Hart R, Burton D, Boachie-Adjei O, Shelokov A, Hostin R, Shaffrey C, Gupta M, Akbarnia B, Bess S. Validating Predictive Models of Spino-pelvic Alignment: Pre-and Post-operative Analysis of 70 Adults Suffering from Sagittal Plane Malalignment. IMAST 2008, July 8-11, Hong Kong.
  39. Boachie-Adjei O; Bess S, Cunningham M, Burton D, Shaffrey C, Shelokov A, Hostin R, Schwab F, Wood K, Gupta M, Akbarnia B. Increasing Pain and Disability, Rather than Deformity Determine Treatment Modality for Older Patients with Adult Scolioisis. IMAST 2008, July 8-11, Hong Kong.
  40. Lafage V; Schwab F, Patel A. Hawkinson N., Farcy J.P. A Validated Formula for Predicting Post Operative Sagittal Balance in the Setting of Adult Spinal Deformity. SRS 2008, Salt Lake City, Utah. September 10-13.
  41. Schwab F, Lafage V, Patel A, Hart R, Burton D, Boachie-Adjei O, Shelokov A, Hostin R, Shaffrey C, Gupta M, Akbarnia B, Bess S. Does Vertebral Level of Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy Correlate with Degree of Spino-Pelvic Parameter Correction? NASS 2008, October 14-18, Toronto, Ontario
  42. Patel A., Schwab F., Lafage V., Farcy JP. Computed Tomographic Validation of the Porcine Model for Thoracic Scoliosis. ICEOS and Growing Spine 2008, November 7-8, Montreal, Quebec.
  43. Cabalo, Bess S, Lanning K, Akbarnia B, Boachie-Adjei O, Burton D, Gupta M, Hostin R, Shaffrey C, Wood, Kebaish K, Cunningham M, Hart R, ISSG. Patients Perceive Perioperative Complications as More Severe and Having Greater Negative Consequences than Surgeons. International Meeting for Advanced Spine Technologies, Vienna, Austria, July 15-18, 2009
  44. Patel A, Schwab F, Lafage V, Patel A, Farcy JP. Porcine Model for Progressive Scoliosis: The Impact of Removing the Flexible Mechanical Tether. International Meeting for Advanced Spine Technologies, Vienna, Austria, July 15-18, 2009
  45. Patel A, Lafage R, Schwab F, Farcy JP, Lafage V. Porcine Model for Progressive Scoliosis: A Morphometric Analysis of the Apical Unit. International Meeting for Advanced Spine Technologies, Vienna, Austria, July 15-18, 2009
  46. Lafage V, Schwab FJ, Patel A, Hawkinson N, Farcy JP. Postural Control Regulation in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. International Meeting for Advanced Spine Technologies, Vienna, Austria, July 15-18, 2009
  47. Lafage V, Schwab FJ, Patel A, Vira S, Baldus C, Bridwell KH, Farcy JP. Force Plate Parameters Offer Significant Clinical Correlation beyond Radiographs. A Pilot Study on Adult Patients with Spinal Deformity. International Meeting for Advanced Spine Technologies, Vienna, Austria, July 15-18, 2009
  48. Lafage V, Schwab F, Boachie-Adjei O, Farcy JP, Shelekov A, Austin R, Hart R, Akbarnia B, Obrien M, Burton D, Shaffrey C. The impact of reciprocal regional alignment changes distant from the site of spinal osteotomies affects post-operative spinal balance. Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, September 23-26, 2009
  49. Schwab F, Lafage V, Shaffrey C, Farcy JP, Boachie-Adjei O, Shelekov A, Austin R, Hart R, Akbarnia B, Obrien M, Burton D. Pre-operative pelvic parameters must be considered to achieve adequate sagittal balance after lumbar osteotomy. Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, September 23-26, 2009
  50. Schwab F, Lafage V, Bridwell K, Glassman S, Shaffrey C, Farcy JP. An algorithm for treating adult thoracic major spinal deformity is helpful in guiding surgical treatment. Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, September 23-26, 2009
  51. Burton D, Kebaish, Shaffrey C, Schwab FJ, Hostin R, Shelokov A, Bess S, Boachie-Adjei O, Akbarnia B, ISSG. Extension Of Previous Fusions to the Sacro-Pelvis Vs. Primary Spino-Pelvic Fusions in the Setting Of Adult Deformity: A Comparison of Health Related Quality of Life Measures and Complications. CNS 2009, October 24-29, New Orleans, LA
  52. Burton D, Boachie-Adjei O, Shaffrey C, Schwab FJ, Hostin R, Shelokov A, Bess S, Akbarnia B, ISSG. Outcomes and Complications of Extension of Previous Long Fusion to the Sacro-Pelvis: Does Surgical Approach Make a Difference? CNS 2009, October 24-29, New Orleans, LA
  53. Lafage V, Schwab FJ, Boachie-Adjei O, Farcy JP, Shelokov A, Hostin R, Hart R, Akbarnia B, O'Brien, Burton D, Shaffrey C, ISSG. The Impact of Reciprocal Regional Alignment Changes Distant from the Site of Spinal Osteotomies Affects Post-Operative Spinal Balance. CNS 2009, October 24-29, New Orleans, LA
  54. Lafage V, Schwab FJ, Smith, Farcy JP, Boachie-Adjei O, Shelokov A, Hostin R, Hart R, Akbarnia B, O'Brien, Burton D, Shaffrey C, ISSG. PSO Failures can be Predicted by High Pre-Op SVA And Pelvic Tilt. CNS 2009, October 24-29, New Orleans, LA
  55. Schwab FJ, Lafage V, Shaffrey C, Farcy JP, Boachie-Adjei O, Shelokov A, Hostin R, Hart R, Akbarnia B, O'Brien, Burton D, ISSG. Pre-Operative Pelvic Parameters Must bConsidered to Achieve Adequate Sagittal Balance After Lumbar Osteotomy. CNS 2009, October 24-29, New Orleans, LA
  56. Lafage V, Schwab F, Boachie-Adjei O, Farcy JP, Shelekov A, Austin R, Hart R, Akbarnia B, Obrien M, Burton D, Patel, A Shaffrey C. The impact of reciprocal regional alignment changes distant from the site of spinal osteotomies affects post-operative spinal balance. North American Spine Society, San Francisco, CA, November 10-14, 2009
  57. Schwab F, Lafage V, Shaffrey C, Farcy JP, Boachie-Adjei O, Shelekov A, Austin R, Hart R, Akbarnia B, Obrien M, Patel A Burton D. Pre-operative pelvic parameters must be considered to achieve adequate sagittal balance after lumbar osteotomy. North American Spine Society, San Francisco, CA, November 10-14, 2009
  58. R Hostin, B Hart, B Line, C Ames, V Lafage, F Schwab, D Burton, C Shaffrey, J Smith, K Kebaish, M O'Brien, K Wood, S Bess, ISSG. Treatment Parameters and Injury Mechanisms Associated with Acute Proximal Junctional Failure Following Posterior Spinal Fusion for Deformity. International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), Toronto, Canada, July 21-24, 2010
  59. J Smith, C Shaffrey, L Carreon, S Glassman, F Schwab, V Lafage, KM Fu, S Berven, K Bridwell. Does Prior Short-Segment Surgery for Adult Scoliosis Impact Clinical Outcome among Patients Undergoing Scoliosis Correction? International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), Toronto, Canada, July 21-24, 2010
  60. A Patel , F Schwab, V Lafage, B Ungar, JP Farcy. Progressive Spinal Deformity Correction via an Anterior Based Tether in a Porcine Scoliosis Model: A Detailed Radiographic Analysis. Scoliosis Research Society (SRS), Kyoto, Japan, September 21-24, 2010
  61. V Lafage, R Hostin, F Schwab, E Klineberg, B Akbarnia, C Ames, O Boachie-Adjei, D Burton, C Shaffrey, J Smith, K Wood, S Bess, ISSG. Thoracic Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy for Adult Spinal Deformity Improves Regional Spinal Deformity and Pelvic Tilt. North American Spine Society (NASS), Orlando, FL, October 5-9, 2010
  62. F Schwab, N Hawkinson, V Lafage, R Hart, G Mundis, D Burton, B Line, B Akbarnia, O Boachie, R Hostin, C Shaffrey, J Smith, K Wood, S Bess, ISSG. Risk Factors for Major Peri-operative Complications in Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery: A Multi-center Review of 953 Consecutive Patients. North American Spine Society (NASS), Orlando, FL, October 5-9, 2010
  63. R Hostin, E Buchl, R Hart, C Ames, K Kebaish, D Burton, V Lafage, F Schwab, C Shaffrey, J Smith, K Wood, S Bess, ISSG. Treatment Parameters and Injury Mechanisms Associated with Acute Proximal Junctional Failure Following Posterior Spinal Fusion for Deformity. North American Spine Society (NASS), Orlando, FL, October 5-9, 2010
  64. R Hostin, E Buchl, R Hart, C Ames, K Kebaish, D Burton, V Lafage, C Shaffrey, F Schwab, J Smith, K Wood, S Bess, ISSG. Acute Proximal Junctional Failure Following Long Posterior Fusion for Spinal Deformity: Risk Factors and Radiographic Analysis Comparing Thoracolumbar to Upper Thoracic Failures. North American Spine Society (NASS), Orlando, FL, October 5-9, 2010
  65. A Patel , F Schwab, V Lafage, B Ungar, JP Farcy. Spinal Deformity Correction via an Anterior Based Tether in a Porcine Scoliosis Model. North American Spine Society (NASS), Orlando, FL, October 5-9, 2010






 
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